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Country Turkmenistan

 Click to enlarge
Region Central Asia
Area (sq km) 488,100
Area (sq mile) 188,455
Border Afghanistan, Iran, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan
Population 5,231,422
Nationality Turkmen
Ethnic Turkmen 85%, Uzbek 5%, Russian 4%, other 6%
Religion Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2%
Language Turkmen, Russian, Uzbek, other
Literacy 99%
Government Secular Democracy and Presidential Republic with possibly Authoritarian Presidency
Capital Ashgabat (Ashkhabad)
Leader President Gurbanuly Berdimuhamedow (since February 14, 2007)
Currency Turkmen manat (TMM)
Independence Day Oct. 27, 1991 (from the Soviet Union)
National Holiday Independence Day (Oct. 27, 1991)
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