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Country Syria


 Click to enlarge
Region Middle East
Area (sq km) 185,180
Area (sq mile) 71,498
Border Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey
Population 17,064,854
Nationality Syrian(s)
Ethnic Arab 90.3%, Kurd, Armenian, other 9.7%
Religion Sunni Muslim 74%, Alawitze, Druze, and other Muslim 16%, Christian 10%, a few Jewish communities
Language Arabic, Kurdish, and more
Literacy 80%
Government Republic under Authoritarian military-dominated Regime
Capital Damascus
Leader President Bashar al-ASAD (since July 17, 2000); Vice President Najah al-ATTAR (since March 23, 2006) head of government: Prime Minister Imad Muhammad Dib KHAMIS (since June 22, 2016); Walid al-MUALEM (since 2006); Deputy Prime Minister Fahd Jasim al-FURAYJ, Lt. Gen. (since 2012)
Currency Syrian pound (SYP)
Independence Day April 17, 1946 (from League of Nations mandate under French administration)
National Holiday Independence Day (April 17, 1946)
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