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Country Somalia


 Click to enlarge
Region Eastern Africa
Area (sq km) 637,657
Area (sq mile) 246,199
Border Djibouti, Ethiopia, Kenya
Population 10,616,380
Nationality Somali(s)
Ethnic Somali 85%, Bantu, Arab and other 15%
Religion Sunni Muslim
Language Somali, Arabic, and more
Literacy 38%
Government Transitional Parliamentary Federal Government
Capital Mogadishu
Leader President Hassan Sheikh Mahamud (since September 10, 2012); Prime Minister Prime Minister Omar Abdirashid Ali Sharmarke (since December 24, 2014); Deputy Prime Minister Mohamad Omar Arteh (since February 6, 2015)
Currency Somali shilling (SOS)
Independence Day July 1, 1960 (from a merger of British Somaliland, which became independent from the United Kingdom on June 26, 1960, and Italian Somaliland, which became independent from the Italian-administered UN trusteeship on July 1, 1960, to form the Somali Republic)
National Holiday Foundation of the Somali Republic (July 1, 1960, in Somalia but June 26, 1960, in Somaliland)
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